Rossetti Fine Art Gallery
Lezard aux PlumesFissures 1Miroir HommeCeramics 1
Joan Miro
Joan Miro Ferra was born in Barcelona in 1893. His father compelled him to enroll at the School of Commerce of that town in 1907, but he already had a learning for art and attended courses at the Barcelona School of Fine Arts. After a nervous breackdown in 1911, he decided to become an artist and the following year joined the Gali School of Art until 1915, the year he met the potter Artigas. The Dalmau Gallery in Barcelona held his first one-man show in 1918, comprising 64 paintings and drawings. Two years later, Miro went up to Paris for the first time, meeting Picasso ; in 1921 Miro rented a studio there, in which he spent the next few years in great poverty. The Pierre Loeb Gallery held his first one-man show in France in 1925, which was a major event for both the artist and the surrealist movement. The following year, Miro and Max Ernst designed the sets for Diaghilev Ballet "Romeo and Juliet". In 1929 Miro married Pilar Juncosa in Majorca, and the coupel settled in Paris. In the early Thirties, numerous one-man shows in Paris and his first one in New York acknowledged him to be a major artist. Miro then made his first prints (lithographs) for Tristan Tzara's "L'arbre du voyageur" ; later he was to illustrate the same writer's "Parler seul" (1948) with 70 prints (lithographs), and "L'Antitête" with 8 etchings.
After world war 2, during which Miro found refuge in Varengeville in Normandy, he settled in Palma and make the Constellations series, and in 1946 the New York Museum of Modern Art held a big retrospective show of his work. In 1947, Miro made his first ceramic pieces with Artigas ; in 1953 he was to made 386 pieces. The Basle Kunsthalle held a retrospective show of his work in 1952. In 1954, Miro was awarded the engraving prize at the Venice Biennale. Between 1956 and 1958, he made the wall decorations for the UNESCO building in Paris.
In the sixties and seventies, big Miro exhibitions were held london and New York. The Miro foundation in Barcelona was founded in 1975, to which the artist donated 5000 drawings and a lot of his prints. He was made Doctor Honoris Causa of the University of Mallorca in 1979. At the time he was making large-scale pieces of sculpture, as well as prints ; between 1960 and 1983, he made no less than 1000 etchings. He especially expressed his creative genius in his colour aquatints, among which the major ones are "la captive", la calebasse", le caissier", "la grève noire", le vieil irlandais" and the "Archipel" series in 1970, large-scale aquatints and etchings on the theme of underwater depths. Miro illustrated some 200 books with prints -lithographs and engravings- ; among these publications are some of the twentieth century's masterpieces in bibliophiles' art book. These include "Les Adonides" by Prévert (1975) with 45 colour etchings ; "L'Enfance d'Ubu", with 23 lithographs ; René Char's "Le marteau sans maître" with 26 colour prints (etchings and aquatints) ; Jacques Dupin's "L'Issue dérobée" with dry points and colour aquatints etc. Lithography was also a major part of his output ; his lithographs number several hundred, and were initially printed by Mourlot, and then by Adrien Maeght's print studio. Miro died on Christmas day in 1983 in Palma.
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